Period: Since December 2016 (end planned to March 31, 2017)
Partners: Regional Delegation for Social Affairs of the Far North, Saaré Tabitha and ICE.
Applicant organization: UNFPA.
Cost / Financing: 15,000,000 CFA
Presentation: The Far-North region and its inhabitants are particularly vulnerable to climate change and recurring natural disasters such as drought and floods, which tend to increase in frequency and intensity with the climate change, as well as the resulting market volatility which results constantly pushing many households and communities in this region into chronic vulnerability.
In addition, there has been a massive influx of refugees from Nigeria (56,400), IDPs (81,700) and displaced / returnees (36,000) due to the deteriorating security situation contributing to an increase in pressure on host communities in the Far North region; already disproportionately affected by years of poor socio-economic development and political marginalization.
Overall, the key sectors of the local economy, the environment, food security, nutrition and basic social services create socio-economic tensions that undermine social cohesion and security.
This situation greatly affects young people, who make up more than 30% of the population of the Far North. Indeed, the closure of the border between Cameroon and Nigeria has left young people practically without means of subsistence, because it even restricts the illicit trade in fuel, drugs, manufactured goods and spare parts on which young people depend normally in order to survive. Since few opportunities are offered by the formal sector.
Paradoxically, Boko Haram’s strategy of making things worse that is, exacerbating the suffering of people by deepening their pre-existing conditions of poverty and widespread deprivation does not necessarily turn them against the terrorist group. Rather, it contributes to fueling radicalization within communities, particularly refugees, IDPs and youth, who are particularly targeted by the recruitment of Boko Haram.
This situation encourages the development of the spirit of revenge, thus creating a vicious cycle of violence sustained by the youths.
In order to counter this social deviation, UNDP, with funding from the Japanese Fund and technical assistance from UNFPA and other organizations such as FAO and JICA, has set up the SOCIAL COHESION PROJECT for the prevention of radicalization and the early recovery of women and young people affected by this phenomenon.
Following an impregnation workshop for key actors in the prevention of radicalization among young people, organized by UNFPA from 26 to 27 October 2016, it was agreed that the NGO JAPSSO should make an offer for the technical coordination on the re-education and community reintegration of potentially radicalized or radicalized youth.